Witch Craft Basics

Suffolk, learning basics

How To! (continued)

       Again, if bought not knowing the source and the manufacturing process your magical tool has gone through it is so much better to make your own magical tools, but even if you make your own, some of the parts were made some where! So there is still a need for your magical tool to be cleansed and consecrated. 

Note: these are only suggested ways you may know a better way:

Black Mirror  Wand  Besom   Cords & Bracelet. Lithomancy 

Mother Father Candles:  Planetary Hours Why Spells Work?

Magic or Black Scrying Mirror: (How to make one.)

          Magic Mirrors have been the subject of myth and fairy stories for generations, but I suppose the one most people have heard of is the one owned and used by the ‘Wicked Queen’; in the story of ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’. When you look beyond the Disney effects, it is basically a scrying mirror used by a very powerful witch, a witch in the worst sense of the name.

          Scrying; the art of seeking (also called seeing or peeping) is a magical practice that involves seeing things psychically in a suitable medium, usually for the purpose of obtaining spiritual visions and less often for purposes of divination or fortune-telling. The most common media used are reflective, translucent, or luminescent substances such as crystals, stones, glass, mirrors or water; fire or smoke can also be used, fires such as that of the ’Fires of Azrael’. With this method you are looking into the embers of the fire to obtain the visions of that which you seek answers to.

          Other means to use are the crystal ball with a candle behind it, a pool of water, either natural or in a bowl, incense smoke or a specially prepared ‘Black Mirror’, by that I don’t mean one with a black frame, I mean one that instead of a silvered reflecting back, it has a black reflecting back. (Although silvered mirrors can be used)

          The best way to make one is to tour the charity shops and home ware shops for a suitable picture frame. The ideal is a round shape atleast 10 inches in diameter, but a smaller one will do as will an oval one. The round shape is best as it is symbolic of the ‘Magic Circle’.

          Once you have found a suitable picture frame the first thing to do is clean it. Take out the glass and give it and the frame a thorough clean. For the glass I use a mixture of white vinegar and water this seems to cut through the greasy finger prints etc, you can also use this mixture on the frame, although if you have some sugar soap will do just as well on the frame.

          Set the glass aside covered by a black cloth of natural fibres such as silk or cotton. Then clean and decorate the frame. I suggest that you paint the frame matt black as that doesn’t distract from the mirror.

          Next you need to paint one side of the glass using black gloss paint. I find that the best results or finish is gained by using a spray can such as that used on cars etc.

          Follow the instructions on the can but you may well have to give it several coats. Don’t hurry it or you’ll just have to clean it all off and start again.

          I find that when spraying, the best results are obtained by laying the glass flat (so you don’t get runs) hold the can between 10 – 14 inches away from the glass and give light even passes. Allow the paint to dry in between coats.

          Once the frame and glass are completely dry, reassemble with the frame; you know have your ‘Black Scrying Mirror’ at the embryonic stage. The next thing to do is to magically cleanse and consecrate or charge it.

For this you will need:

1)                 Salt and Spring water.

2)                 Incense and a candle. 

3)                 One male and one female (yourself and someone of the opposed sex) 

4)                 A properly caste circle with altar and altar pentacle.

 

The method:

a)                Enter and caste your circle in your usual way. 

b)               Place the mirror on the altar pentacle. 

c)                 Mix you salt and water (Charged water) together and                  bless it your usual way. 

d)               (The female) Sprinkle the mirror (both sides) with the          charged water while saying something like:”I cleanse thee O mirror of visions with the essence of earth and water so that all evil and negativity will be driven from thee, this I do in the name of the Goddess and the God” [you can use your own personal deity names here if you wish] then both say “So mote it be” replace the mirror on the altar pentacle. 

e)                (the male) Pass the mirror through the incense smoke and over the candle flame (both sides) while saying: “I cleanse thee O mirror of visions with the essence of fire and air so that all evil and negativity are driven from      thee, this I do in the name of the Goddess and the God” [again you can use your own personal deity names here if you wish] then both say “So mote it be” replace the mirror on the altar pentacle. 

f)                  If there are both male and female present (It can be done by one but better with two in polarity, i.e. male & female)     the female should hold her power hand just above or touching the mirror palm (beware of finger prints etc) down with the males power hand touching hers also palm down then together say something like: “I charge thee O mirror of visions, that you aid me truthfully in the       visions and answers I seek, and that no false or negativity will affect you in the answers and visions you give. Thus I charge thee in the name of the Goddess and the God” [you can use your own personal deity names here if you wish] Will the mirror charged! Then both say: “So mote it be” 

g)                Now wrap your mirror in a black cloth made from natural fibres, this will help to protect it from stray spirit that will be attracted to it along with any nearby negativity or negative thoughts while outside of the magic circle. 

h)                If you want to refresh you mirror you can go through the same procedure again or, if you have a well used outdoor sacred circle complete with Altar that is secure and on which the moon light can bathe it you can leave it there for three nights of a waxing moon. The waxing gibbous moon is best; a gibbous moon is one of the   phases of the Moon, when the size of the illuminated portion is greater than half but not a full Moon. 

 NB. Don’t forget that when you banish your circle, make sure that the mirror or item that has been cleansed and charged is not accidently included in the banishment. If you are on your own place the mirror or item in the centre of the circle and as you banish the quarters make sure you are between the quarter and the mirror or cleansed and charged item.

          If you do this as a coven charging, make sure the owner of the mirror or cleansed and charged item takes it and is positioned at the back behind the quarter banishers! If you don’t do this any cleansing and charging you have done will be dissolved along with the banishment of the quarters.

          The best way I find to use the mirror is prop it against a dark background with a candle to your side. Some say that when using the black mirror for scrying you do not want to see your reflection. The best way is to leave the mirror on a table and look at it from an angle. Some also advocate that you must see you face and the candle is set in front and below you so it’s not visible in the mirror. You thus stare at your own eyes until the visions occur. At this point you have entered an altered state of consciousness (ASC) the mirror will then show you the visions and or possible the answers you seek. Or maybe not! You can’t force scrying.        

                With time and practice you will be able to see images like still photographs or moving film images. Spirits may sometimes look at the scryer, talk to the scryer or even touch the scryer. The visions may even exist outside the mirror and surround the scryer on all sides.

                    Some also say that as with the Ouija board it needs to be used within a circle of containment, i.e. a magic circle to be free of malicious spirits and or negativity.

 

          Blessings and happy viewing.

  

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Written by Rainbird. )O( Feb 2013

Making a Magic Wand:

 One way amongst many, this is my way:

If you want to use a magic wand there are several ways in which you can obtain one; buy one, be gifted with one or make one.

To buy one will cost you a lot of money, but you should also remember to check out the history of the wand and how it was made, like, was the wood collected from a living tree or was it fallen (dead wood) wood, were the proper rituals performed, if so what were they and who performed them, what tree is the wood from, is it a tree that corresponds with the uses you wish to put the wand to and last but not least does it feel right for you. Your best bet is to go to someone you know who makes wands in the right way, someone you can trust. Good wand makers will include all this information with the wand as part of a package.

Gift: It may be part of an initiation ceremony and ideally all the above would be known. If it was just a ‘present’ then ask for any known details such as those above to assess the suitability of the wand for the uses to which you wish to put it to, and of course do you feel happy with it in your hand. If not hang it on your wall as a decorative item of interest, don’t try to use it if your not happy with it. Don’t forget to thank the person who gifted you the wand.

Its far better to make one; this way you will get the wand you need! It takes a long while to make a good wand; it’s not just a matter of cutting any old branch off any old tree. To do it properly it can take up to six months. First you need to know what you want it for. What magical purpose you are going to put it to?

ALL PURPOSE: Oak, Hazel, Rowan, Ash.

BANISHING: Birch, Elder, Juniper and Yew.

DIVINATION: Cherry, Fig, Willow.

FERTILITY: Hawthorn, Hazel.

HEALING: Apple, Blackberry, Cedar, Willow.

LOVE: Apple, Cherry, Elm, Willow.

PROSPERITY: Blackberry, Maple, Pine.

PROTECTION: Poplar, Ash, Elder, Elm, Holly, Yew, and Blackthorn.

Then you need to collect it. Do you use a fallen branch ‘Dead wood’ or drift wood from the shore, or cut wood from a live tree?

If you are going to cut from a live tree first you need to get the permission of the land owner on which the tree grows before you start to cut wood from any tree; you also have to be aware of the countryside act? Once you have made sure that you can legally take the wood, you also have to ask permission from the spirit of the tree? When you select and cut your wand most recommend that it should be done the in the waxing (between the winter solstice and the summer solstice) half of the year and on a waxing moon.

There are many ways to ask for permission: One way is to sit and meditate by or beneath the tree, if at the end of a period of meditation if it feels right for you to take the wood then go ahead; try to take it with one cut (use secateurs) or at least with the minimum of damage to the tree: Another way is to ask the spirit of the tree for permission to take the wood. This can be a simple question such as “Spirit of [type of tree here] I ask for your blessing to take from your body a part of your life and essences to make a power wand to aid me in my magical work” If you feel the answer is yes (be true to yourself) then cut the wand if ‘no’ then leave and seek another tree. If the answer was yes, after you have taken the wood leave an offering to the spirit of the tree; this can be in the form of a libation of wine, beer, milk or spirits; an offering of food buried by the roots of the tree that can be converted to food is appropriate, plus something of worth such as a silver coin, gem stone or crystal; then verbally acknowledge the gift the tree gave you!

The Golden Dawn have rules on how to cut your wand:

It’s not enough to be able to make a wand, you have to be able to ‘see’ and understand the symbolism behind the form and the material it’s made from.

The Rod or wand is a symbol the goes way back into the mists of time, the black rod of parliament, the caduceus of Hermes, the baton of the General, and the sceptre of royalty etc are all symbols of authority and power so you need to understand the archetypal  symbol at the root of the shape of the wand.

It is also a symbol of the power and forces channelled through you from the higher levels of the spirit directed via the wand into the physical plane.

When choosing a suitable length of wood to be your wand it has to draw you to it and you have to treat it for want of a better analogy like a pet or animal i.e. it will work or respond better for you if you like, trust and treat it well.

The Golden Dawn expected their members to make several wands each for a different purpose, but one good and well made and thought out wand can do the work of several, it’s only when you need to do something out of the ordinary (magic wise) that you will need to make a special wand.

The best recommended woods for making wands are: Oak, Ash, Rowan, Hawthorn and Blackthorn.

Once you have chosen the branch to make your wand there are some rules that must be followed:

Ø    Always cut on a waxing moon so that your wand will grow in         magical power.

Ø    It needs to be between 2 and 3 feet in length.

Ø     First ask the tree for permission to cut a branch.

Ø    Give the tree time to prepare; it needs to withdraw some of its life    force in order to limit the damage to itself.

Ø    Run your hand lightly along the selected branch and let your hand rest over the place where it joins the trunk.

Ø    After a while you may feel it grow cooler. It has now withdrawn     most of its life force or essence from the area of the cut.

Ø    While you are waiting for this subtle sign explain to the tree why     you want the branch and the use you will put it to.

Ø    Cut the branch with as little damage as possible, some say it   should be with one slash. (I prefer a good pair of clean secateurs which         can be ritually cleanse and kept for this or similar uses)

Ø    The tree is not dead; the tree has left sufficient life force for it to        qualify as ‘Live’ wood.

Ø    Before you leave cut off any twigs and foliage and bury it at the       root of the tree so that the essence that’s in the cast off foliage and twigs can return to the tree.

Ø    Last but not least, leave a silver coin buried at the root of the tree     in payment to and respect of the trees gift.

The next part is to make your wand: First cut your wand to size; some say a wand should be the length corresponding to the length between your middle finger and your elbow, but if you have managed to get a particularly nice piece of wood that would be marred by shortening, leave it alone. Some say the bark should be stripped off, others prefer to leave it on; the choice is yours; most strip the bark off then sand it smooth.

Next decorate it, again the choice of decoration is yours, whatever you think is needed.

The next step is to purify or cleanse the wand; you can do it in much the same way as you would cleanse your other magical tools of any outside influences/negativities that have attached themselves to the wand/magical tool prior to using it to perform magic.

There are many ways in which a wand or magical tool can be cleansed: Smudging is one way; using various incenses and herbs. Another way is to bury the wand or magical tool in the earth for three or more days and allow the energies of the earth mother to cleanse the wand or magical tool. Another way is to wash the wand/magical tool in running water (not tap water) such as a stream etc, or use salt water, salt water will corrode any metal on the wand or magical tool so be careful if you have used any metal on your wand. Some will allow the wand or magical tool to sit in the open for the three days leading up to and including the day of the full moon.

You then need to empower your wand or magical tool. Again this is done in the same way as any of your other magical tools (apart that is from the Athamé). I believe this should be done in a ritual circle; or atleast with due ceremony. One way to do this is to hold the wand in the centre vertically, the thicker end pointing down and the thin end pointing up, then visualize your wand sending down roots into the earth as it did when it was part of the tree, and through those roots absorbing the earth energies. Pull this energy up and visualize it as a rich earthy brown stream of energy being stored in your wand. When you feel it has drawn enough energy from the earth, direct some of that energy to connect with the heavens; now draw some of the energy from the heavens, visualize this as a stream of bright golden (sunshine via the reflection from the moon if at night) fire pulsing down this cord, and being stored in your wand. Once you feel you have enough power stored in your wand (don’t be greedy just take what you think you’ll need), gently disconnect from the power sources by moving the wand to the horizontal position and ground yourself.

The words you use during this ritual charging/empowering of the wand should take into consideration the use you are going to put the wand to, and the words should be yours. Your wand should not be handled by anyone else now. You should also either wrap it in some dark natural material or place it in a wand bag, again lined with or made from some dark natural material. Black silk is supposed to be the best as it protects against negativity and negative magic.

Last but not least; the wand was thought to have evolved from the Shamans drum stick or a ritual pointer which was used to scratch out magical symbols in the earth; but one thing which was held in common belief was, that it was and still is used to focus and or direct the magical intent of the shaman, magician or witch. 

 Researched and written by Rainbird

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How to make a Besom:

First a little history: and a few facts.

As a result of its construction around a central pole, the brush of the besom is rounded instead of flat. The bristles can be made of many materials including, but not limited to straw, herbs, or twigs.  Traditionally the handle is of ash and the head is of birch twigs.

The construction uses traditional split withy and the head is secured by a wooden dowel. (a withe is a strong flexible willow stem that is typically used in thatching and for gardening. An advantage of using this type of material is said to be a greater resistance to woodworm.)

Besoms are the broomsticks traditionally associated with witches. A besom is one of the ritual tools used in Wicca. A traditional Wiccan besom is as mentioned, an ash stave handle with bristles made from birch twigs. These twigs are tied on using thin pieces of willow (withy) wood. It is used to cleanse the ritual area before circle casting.

As a tool, the besom is usually thought of as masculine in nature due to its phallic shape and symbolism. However the besom's components are of both masculine and feminine orientation. The handle, an ash stave, is masculine in nature while the birch used for the bristles is thought of as feminine in nature. (Some traditionalist carve the end inserted into the bristles [Brush?] in the shape of the phallus) The besom is also an important part of Wiccan Handfasting ceremonies

There is a theory that the origin of the idea of witches flying with their brooms is based in a ritual involving a psychoactive drug trip. The witches would prepare a flying ointment to aid them in their journey. There are many recipes for this ointment all having a base of either Atropa belladonna or Mandragora officinarum, both highly psychoactive drugs producing visions and encouraging astral projection. Some speculate the ointment was applied to the end of the Besom and administered vaginally. Witches mounted broomsticks and would leap around the fields, hallucinating with the aid of the flying ointment, in order to "teach the crops how high to grow". The ointment would give them hallucinations, which made them believe that they flew distances.

(NB. see last paragraph concerning flying ointment before experimenting.)

1.     Collect your ingredients i.e. Ash pole Birch brush and Willow withies.

2.     You will need a bench to work on, an axe or machete for trimming the ends and either good hemp cord or Willow withies. You will also need a poke stick!

3.     First soak your withies and bristles to make them pliable. Traditionally it is said to use two good handfuls of bristles.

4.     Make your brush head into a round bunch and tie tightly but not over tight as you need to insert the handle, which will tighten it further.(when the withies dry out they will shrink and tighten it even further) trim the ends (handle end) square. [you can use cable ties to hold it together while assembling then remove them]

5.     Smooth the broom shaft (you can take the bark off or leave it on the choice is yours) and carve the ends into the round handle end and either the phallic shape or a pointed end that will be inserted into the brush.

6.     Take the handle and position it roughly in the centre of and knock it in by holding the brush end and thumping the handle on the floor.

Flying ointment  Do Not use! contains powerful poison's

Flying ointment, is also known as ‘witches' flying ointment’, ‘green ointment’, ‘magic salve’ and ‘lycanthropic ointment’, is a hallucinogenic ointment said to be used by witches in the Early Modern period (first described by Johannes Hartlieb in 1456).

Composition

The ointment contains a fatty base and various herbal extracts, usually including solanaceous herbs that contain the alkaloids atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine. The herbs: essential oils are extracted when heated usually via distillation. These oils are poisonous when ingested; when applied to the skin, the alkaloids are absorbed more slowly into the body. Typical ingredients in alleged recipes include hemlock (Conium spp.), deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), wolfs bane (Aconitum spp.), and henbane (Hyoscyamus Niger), usually in a base of animal fat.

(Although witches in the 16th & 17th century were accused of using human fat, said to be rendered from dead bodies)

 It was said that witches were able to fly to the Sabbat on their brooms with help of this ointment.

 Some sources (such as The Botany of Desire) have claimed that the ointment is absorbed best through mucous membranes, and that it was possibly applied to a stick that was inserted in the vagina.

 One possible key to how individuals dealt with the toxicity of the nightshades usually said to be part of flying ointments is through the anecdotal evidence of the reaction to some of the solanaceous alkaloids have with the alkaloids of Papaver somniferum (opium poppy). This is discussed by Alexander Kuklin in his brief book, How Do Witches Fly? (DNA Press, 1999). “This antagonism (reaction to) was utilized by the movement of eclectic medicine. For instance, King's ‘American Dispensatory’ states in the entry on belladonna:” "Belladonna and opium appear to exert antagonistic (reactions to each other) influences, especially as regards their action on the brain, spinal cord and heart; they have consequently been recommended and employed as antidotes to each other in cases of poisoning; this matter is now positively and satisfactorily settled; hence in all cases of poisoning by belladonna the great remedy is morphine, and its use may be guided by the degree of papillary (of or affecting the pupil of the eye) contraction it occasions." (Not medically proven)

 The interaction between belladonna and poppy was made use of in the so-called "twilight sleep" that was provided for women during childbirth beginning in the Edwardian era. Twilight sleep was a mixture of scopolamine, (a belladonna alkaloid,) and morphine, (a Papaver alkaloid,) that was injected and which furnished a combination of painkilling and amnesia for a woman in labour. A version is still manufactured for use as the injectable compound Omnopon. (This is no longer used in child birth as it causes a deterioration in the breathing of the child and other conditions)

 Caution There is no definite indication of the proportions of solanaceous herbs vs. poppy used in flying ointments, and most historical recipes for flying ointment do not include poppy, so don’t experiment!

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Rainbird. )O( Jan 2013

Cords and Wrist Bracelets:

     These cuffs or bracelets are use inside a consecrated circle purely for initiations of the 1st 2nd and 3rd degree. You will need two lengths of black natural cord 5mm thick approximately 4ft 6 inches in length  and two approximately 2 - 3ft lengths of the same black cord. The two to three foot cords need to be back spliced at both ends. Instructions for the other cords will be given later.

1.     First you need to find a black leather belt; I suggest you visit the local charity shops or the cheap shops. It doesn’t matter if they are old or new as long as they are in good condition as both will need cleansing and consecrating. The belt needs to be atleast 1½ inches wide at the minimum.

2.     Cut the belt into suitable lengths to fit the average wrist and allow for atleast a 1 inch over lap. This is for the fixings i.e. Velcro or buckle. (you can use the original buckle if you want to but bear in mind you will need a matching pair of bracelets!) 

3.     Affix buckle or Velcro by using strong glue, rivets or both. If using hook and eye Velcro one must be fixed on the inside end and one on the opposite outside end? (see fig 1 & 2)

4.     Using a thin strip of leather or a length of thin black leather belt affix one side then slide in a small steel ring or D ring and affix the other side to the cuff using strong glue, rivets or both.

 

(fig 1)

                 

 

(Fig 2) 

       

5.     At this point you will need a length of black cotton cord 5mm in diameter and atleast 8ft 10 inches long. (this is in addition to the two 2 - 3ft lengths) This to be cut in half. If you can splice rope, splice cord to the steel ring, and back splice the other end to stop fraying. If you can’t splice simple tie or bind it as neatly as possible to the steel ring then either knot or cord whip the other end.

6.     Just remember you need to make two matching cuffs.

7.     Last thing to do is cleans and consecrate them.

Blessed be Rainbird. )O(

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Lithomancy:

(Lithomancy: litho - a combining form meaning “stone,” used in the formation of compound words: mancy: from Old French -mancie, from Latin -mantia, from Greek manteia  meaning soothsaying:)

          Lithomancy is type of psychic reading or divination that utilizes crystals, gems and or stones. It is often referred to as the "reading of stones" or ‘Stone reading’ and has supposedly been in practice for centuries.

          I first found out about ‘Lithomancy’ whilst reading Doreen Valiante’s book ‘Witchcraft for Tomorrow’ which gave a brief description of it, which in turn caught my attention. I then researched it further; the results are a mix gleaned from a number of different website on the net.

          As is the case for most divinatory practices, the art of ‘lithomancy’ is largely based on personal psychic ability and intuition and requires practice in order to obtain consistent results.

          Lithomancy is based upon the psychic having the intuitive ability to identify each stones relationship to the other stones and the patterns formed between and by the stones, crystals or gems.

History

          The earliest verified account of lithomancy comes from (St?) ‘Photius’, the patriarch of Constantinople, who describes a physician named ‘Eusebius’ using a stone called a baetulum to perform the ritual. However, some writers also claim that Helenus predicted the destruction of Troy using the ritual.

          While there is little evidence to determine the exact origins of lithomancy, it has been in use for centuries and some believe that it was actually used as far back as the Neolithic period?

          It is also known that certain seers in Northern Europe (mainly Nordic and Germanic countries) used these methods although they also scribed the ‘Futhark Runes’ on each stone (Rune Stones) or slice of ‘fruit wood’.  A set of ‘Futhark Runes’ consisted of 24 runes; sometimes more are added from the other runes systems such as the Anglo-Saxon ‘Futhorc Runes’.

          In the 1st century AD, ‘Tacitus’ wrote describing a Rune master at work, “She wore a clock set with stones along the hem. Around her neck and covering her head she wore a hood lined with white cats-skins. In one hand she carried a staff with a knob on the end and from her belt, holding together her long dress, hung a charm pouch.’ ‘No people practise augury and divination by lot more diligently. The use of the lots is simple. A little bough is lopped off a fruit-bearing tree, and cut into pieces: these are distinguished by certain marks, and thrown carelessly at random over a white garment. In public by the priest, in private the father of the family, invokes the gods, and with his eyes towards heaven, take up each piece three times, and finds in them a meaning according to the mark previously impressed upon them. If they prove unfavourable, there is no further consultation that day about the matter”!

Method:

          The form of lithomancy most commonly found in the British Isles uses 13 stones so in order to make your set of stones you will need to choose or collect 13 stones, crystals or gems if you are rich enough, although it doesn’t seem to make for a better set if you can afford to use precious or semi – precious stones, it’s the psychic reader that counts!

          Some believe that you must collect the stones yourself (not buy them) although if you do buy them I think it would be advisable to cleanse them as you don’t know what the stones have been exposed too.

          The best place to find your stones I would think is on a shingle beach by the sea. Some also believe that astrological colours should be noted or taken into consideration when collecting the stones as well as how they feel or appeal to your intuition.

          Again the most common form of lithomancy is based on astrology. Typically thirteen stones are used. Seven of the Stones represent the major astrological planets: Sun, Moon, Mars, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn as recognised by our ancient ancestors and if possible they should be in colours corresponding to the planet it is to represent. The other six stones refer to the significant aspects to one's life: such as; home, life, love, health, luck, magic and potential future influences (sometimes termed news). The psychic then interprets the pattern of the stones after they are gentle cast to make predictions. The astrological associations also aid the psychic in determining lengths of time (Some planets tale longer to orbit the sun than others, thereby denoting a time scale?) and establishing the areas in a person's life that will be affected.

          As I said before, there are many different methods used in lithomancy. The most common method used is to throw or cast the stones into a circle delineated by a cord or some other way of marking out a circle; how large the circle should be is not known, but I would think no larger than 18 inches in diameter!

          Then the patterns formed are read or interpreted, the psychic reader interprets the pattern of the stones in relation to each other and the symbolic circle and from this, predictions are made about the current or future influences, time scale or potential outcomes of the subject's life. Sometimes the circle is divided into quadrants and sometimes each quadrant is divided into three sections. (See diagram below) 

Stones linked to Astrology:

1. Sun: Tiger eye agate or another yellow/gold stone, Sunstone, Citrine, Topaz, Amber, Tigers eye, any stone with golden markings or flecks.

2. Moon: White quartz maybe with a silver streak, Moonstone, a white pebble, a stone with silvery markings.

3. Mars: Bloodstone or any red stone. Ruby, Garnet, Flint or any red coloured stone.

4. Mercury: Lavender or violet agate. Agate, Mica, Any variegated stone, streaked or spotted.

5. Jupiter: Blue or dark blue, amethyst Lepidolite, Suglite.

6. Venus: Light green agate, plus Emerald, Jade, Peridot, or any green stone.

7. Saturn: Any Black stone, Coal, Apache Tear, Jet.

The Other six stones are:

Magic stone: Any unusual stone, Fossil stone or a stone marked with a star, maybe a fossilized sea urchin.

Luck Stone: Cross stone, Holey stone, Opal, or any stone that feels lucky to you.

Life Stone: Petrified wood, Agate, Carnelian or any red or flesh coloured stone or a pebble with an ankh or circle type mark.

Home Stone: Moss agates, Sapphire, or any stone that is square or reminds one of home.

News Stone: (potential future influences) Multi- coloured stone or pebble, its streaks or spots of colours are used to show if the news (potential future influence) is good or bad.

Love Stone: Rose Quartz, Botswana Agate or any pink stone or a stone that is roughly in a heart shape or heart shaped mark on it.

          Of course, most of the stones listed above can be used for more than one of the representations. For Example, Amethyst could be used for Female, Moon, Love, Joy, Future, Air, Water, or Earth. Ultimately, which stone is used for which representation is up to the stone casters personal choice?

           The stones can also be drawn from a bag and divination is obtained through the sequence in which they were drawn.

          Some psychics rely just on the colour of the stones; some prefer to associate the stones with astrological influences and will scribe on them the astrological sign they represent, while others just use a set of three stones to answer yes and no questions, one stone for yes and one for no, the third stone is a probability indicator. How a psychic chooses to work with lithomancy is a personal process and personal choice.

          To clarify any situation or question (reading) whether using 13, 16 or 3 stones, it is said that you may cast the stones three times and no more. If the answers are still too confusing try again the next day or the next appropriate lunar phase etc.

          The circle represents the person's environment or sphere of influence. Some say this small circle should be cast in the same way as the large Wiccan working circle (Sacred Circle). Some believe it should be done within the sacred circle, the choice is yours! However if you are using the method that utilises the witches cord to delineate the circle, I believe you should either cast it as a miniature sacred circle or cast the stones inside a sacred circle, both methods have benefits as both would restrict or negate  or form a barrier to any negative influences that could affect the reading.

          Once the stones have landed they are read in order from the stone closest to the Centre, to the stone farthest from the Centre stone. However, some believe that any stones that lands more than 6 -10 inches away from the Centre stone are not considered part of the reading.

There is also a little verse supposedly used to bind the stones:

Witches cord, bind the spell,

Thirteen stones, the truth to tell.

Earth, water, Air and flame,

Magic in the ‘Old Ones name.

          I believe it was composed by Doreen Valiente, but you can always compose your own invocation if you so wish.

           Another form of lithomancy, which is often used in Wicca and other Neo-Pagan practices in Europe, is the use of 16 stones instead of the 13. The representations for these 16 stones are Male, Female, the Sun, the Moon, Love, Death, Joy, Sorrow, the Past, Present, and Future, and the elements; Air, Fire, Water and Earth, Centre. The final stone, the Centre stone or question stone is usually the biggest stone in the set and as far as I can ascertain has no standard colour or type or affiliation etc.

How do you choose the 16 stones?

          The stones that are used in a lithomancy ‘16’ set are a matter of choice or preference. Although, most would agree it is best to have different shapes and or coloured stones for each representation in order to recognize their meaning quickly. Below I have compiled a list of stones that can be used to represent the different meanings to give you some ideas.

1.  Centre: Clear Quartz, Diamond, Clear Apophyllite, Colorless Beryl, etc.

 2. Male: Bloodstone, Black Agate, Red Carbuncle, Amozonite, Garnet,. Topaz, etc.

 3. Female: Blue Lace Agate, Pearl, Sapphire, Jade, Pink Calcite, etc.

 4. Sun: Sunstone, Ruby, Amber, Apache Tear, etc.

 5. Moon: Moonstone, Mother of Pearl, Opal, White Labradorite, etc.

6.  Love: Rose Quartz, Pink Tourmaline, Alexandrite, Pink Diamond, etc.

7.  Death: Rhodonite, White Coral, Rhodochrosite, Angelite, etc.

8.  Joy: Petrified Wood, Blue Quartz, Yellow Zircon, Celestite, etc.

9.  Sorrow: Obsidian, Black Opal, Dumortierite, Eclogite, Epidote, etc.

10.  Past: Tiger Eye, Fossil, Apatite, Kyanite, Selenite, Hawk’s Eye, etc.

11.  Present: Carnelian, Aquamarine, Chrysoprase, Morganite, etc.

12.  Future: Serpentine, Howlite, Labradorite, Adventurine, Chalcedony, etc.

13.  Air: Amethyst, Onyx, Lapis Lazuli, Tanzanite, Aragonite, etc.

14.  Fire: Red Jasper, Hematite, Fluorite, Fire Opal, Citrine, etc.

15.  Water: Chrysocolla, Lipidolite, Sugilite, Feldspar, Kunzite, Marble, etc.

 16. Earth: Emerald, Brown or Green Jasper, Peridot, Green Tourmaline, etc.

 Again; most of the stones listed above can be used for more than one of the representations. For Example, Amethyst could be used for Female, Moon, Love, Joy, Future, Air, Water, or Earth. Ultimately, which stone is used for which representation is up to the stone caster?

 

Rainbird )O( 2014 ©

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Mother and Father Candles:

       

      There are two candles that I believe should be prominent on your altar, these are called Mother and Father Candles, or as some people call them Goddess and God candles. As far as I know they cannot be bought or atleast I haven’t found anywhere they can be bought, although I could be wrong. You have to make them, which is quite easy although time consuming.

         To make a ‘Mother Candle’ first you need to purchase or make a black pillar candle roughly 3 or 4 inches high and at least 4 inches in diameter plus a white candle atleast 1 inch smaller in diameter, it doesn’t matter how tall it is.

          Once you are in your temple or sacred space etc you light the black candle while saying these words or something similar:

“Our Goddess emerged from the depth of chaos and gave birth to the divine light. In honour of our Goddess I light this candle symbolic of the light ‘She’ brought to the void. May she bring light to illuminate our souls?”

Now as the candle burns down, carefully curl the edges of the black candle out and down to form a cup or chalice type receptacle. Once this has been done to your satisfaction, light the white candle from the black candle with these words:

“This white candle is symbolic of the body of the Goddess in my soul, life, heart and home. As I light this candle I invite the Goddess to entre and let me feel ‘HER’ presences.”

         Then place the white candle in the centre of the black candle, making sure that the two meld, this necessitates the extinguishment of the flame of the black candle. Then say:

“My soul will be uplifted as this flame rises and my life and home will be graced with harmony”

          When you extinguish the ‘Mother or Goddess Candle’ say these words or something similar:

“Although the light and flame are no longer visible to the mundane eye, the flame of the Goddesses/mothers love continues to burn within my spirit and the world. Each time I relight this candle I rekindle my love and devotion for the Goddess and ask her to enter my sacred space.”

         For a God candle the format is similar except you use a red base candle and either a white, gold or yellow candle to represent the God.

         Light the red pillar candle and say these words or something similar:

“Our Goddess gave birth to her consort and son and our God at the yoke of the year. May his strength, protection and wisdom be with me as I walk the path of the Goddess and the God.”

            Now as the candle burns down, carefully curl the edges of the red candle out and down to form a cup or chalice type receptacle. Once this has been done to your satisfaction, light the white, gold or yellow candle from the Mother/Goddess candle with these words:

“Our God died so he can be reborn; this candle represents the rebirth of the God in my soul, life and home. When I light this candle I invite the God to enter my sacred space and ask him to allow me to feel ‘HIS’ presences”

        Then place the white, gold or yellow candle in the centre of the red candle, making sure that the two meld, this necessitates the extinguishment of the flame of the red candle. Then say:

“This white candle is symbolic of the body of the God in my soul, life, heart and home. As I light this candle I invite the God to entre and let me feel ‘His’ presences.”

         When you extinguish the ‘Father or God Candle’ say these words or something similar:

“Although the light and flame are no longer visible to the mundane eye, the flame of the God/Fathers love continues to burn within my spirit and the world. Each time I relight this candle I rekindle my love and devotion for the God and ask him to enter my sacred space.”

          These candles can be used on your altar at all rituals, although some tend to light one or the other dependant on the type of ritual being performed.

Researched and written by Rainbird )O( 2014

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Planetary Hours: A Brief summary.

           When you decide to cast a spell whether it be for drawing (invoking) something to you i.e. wealth, health, happiness or friendship etc; or sending (banishing) something from or away from you, i.e. bad (curses) wishes, bad luck, ill health etc, a part of your preparations should be to calculate the most auspicious planetary hour and or day on which to perform you spell.

           If you adhere to the principal of “As above, so below” the planets and their planetary hours can and will have a strong favourable affect on the outcome of your spell.

           How do we go about calculating this? Well the mathematics is quite simple and this is from someone who was absolutely rubbish at maths at school.

A normal day has twenty-four hours, each hour contains 60 minutes. Each day is divided into 24 hours subdivided into hours of daylight and hours of darkness. It is accepted that each day in any year will contain a greater or lesser amount of hours of daylight and hours of darkness, i.e. winter has more hours of darkness than summer etc. Except for the two equinoxes: day and night are never equal

A planetary hour takes into consideration the amount of hours of daylight and darkness and treats them as separate from each other. Each period of day (light) and each period of night (Dark) is calculated! Each Planetary day (light) starts at sunrise and ends at sunset, and each night (dark) starts at sunset and ends at sunrise the following day.

Each period of day and night are divided into twelve ‘planetary hours’; each planetary hour contains more or less ‘minutes’ than the standard 60 minute hour? Again it is dependent on the time of the year and again with the exception of the two equinox’s days.

To calculate the planetary hour of a specific day and time you first need to find out the times of the sunrise and sunset for that day, plus sunrise for the following morning. You can find this information in most local news papers or on the internet as to sunrise the following day you can find from one of the many internet sites that gives the information like www.lunarium.co.uk You then need to calculate the hours of daylight i.e. the amount of time between sunrise and sunset, and the hours of night (darkness) i.e. the amount of time between sunset and sunrise the following day. Convert that time into minutes and divide by 12; i.e. sunrise at 6am – sunset at 16:00pm gives you 10 hours, converted into minutes 10 X 60 gives you 600 minutes; 600 / 12 gives you 50 minutes therefore on that day and that day only a planetary hour of daylight will consist of 50 minutes! Conversely the hours of darkness will be greater on this occasion i.e. sunset at 16:00pm – 6:01am gives you 14 hours and 1 minutes of darkness, converted into minutes 14 X 60 + 1 minutes gives you 841 minutes; 841 / 12 gives you just under 71 minutes to the planetary hour. So in the hours of daylight the first planetary hour (1) last from 06:00am to 06:50am: planetary hour (2) from 06:50am until 07:40am: planetary hour (3) from 07:40am until 08:30am and so on through to sunset. The planetary hours of darkness and are added up in the same way, i.e. the first planetary hour starts at 16:00Hrs and ends at 17:11am approximately and so forth! Given that the planetary hour for day is equal to 50 minutes and night is equal to 70.8 minutes; see chart * below.

 

Planetary Hours calculated for one day!

Day

Night

Hour

Start

Hour

Start

 

Planetary Hour Length

00:50

Planetary Hour length

01:11

 

 

Start

06:00

Start

16:00

 

1

06:50

1

17:11

 

2

07:40

2

18:22

 

3

08:30

3

19:33

 

4

09:20

4

20:44

 

5

10:10

5

21:55

 

6

11:00

6

23:06

 

7

11:50

7

00:17

 

8

12:40

8

01:28

 

9

13:30

9

02:39

 

10

14:20

10

03:50

 

11

15:10

11

05:01

 

 12

16:00

End

12

06:12

End

 

* This chart is for no particular day and for demonstration purposes only!

Assigning planets to the charts is fairly easy, the first planetary hour of the day is always the same as the planetary day; so sunrise on Sunday is the beginning of both the day of the Sun and the hour of the Sun. The hours repeat infinitely in this order:

Another way is to use this simple rule: a Day Hour and a Night Hour summed up should always give/add up to 120 minutes. Thus the length of one Night Hour in our case is 70 minutes i.e. 120 – 50 = 70 mins.

1. Sun, 2. Venus, 3. Mercury, 4. Moon, 5. Saturn, 6. Jupiter, 7.Mars

So hour 1 on Sunday is the Sun, followed by hour 2: Venus: followed by hour 3 Mercury etc.

See diagram below:

 

Day

Sun

Mon

Tues

Wed

Thurs

Fri

Sat

1

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

2

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

3

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

4

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

5

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

6

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

7

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

8

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

9

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

10

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

11

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

12

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Night

Sun

Mon

Tues

Wed

Thurs

Fri

Sat

1

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

2

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

3

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

4

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

5

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

6

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

7

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

8

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

9

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

10

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

11

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

Mercury

Jupiter

12

Mercury

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Sun

Moon

Mars

 

How the Planetary Hours can be used

In contemporary astrology planetary days and hours were almost forgotten, and only in Horary Astrology and Elections are they still being used by some practitioners. But in the other Esoteric Arts like Magic and Alchemy, as also in Herbalism, to know the appropriate day and hour can be of crucial importance.

Famous British astrologer and herbologist Nicholas Culpeper advised in his book “The Complete Herbal” (first published in 1649), to collect herbs in the appropriate planetary hour, corresponding to the planetary ruler of the herb. This is because the energy of the ruling planet is stronger in its hour, so the healing properties of the collected herb will be stronger too.

Mark Stavish, the author of the wonderful book "The Path of Alchemy" writes that "planetary hours are a critical part of natural magic and alchemy" and throughout the book instructs the reader to do every operation in its appropriate day and hour, to be able to concentrate the subtle energy of the desired planet.

Likewise in all schools of Magic planetary hours and days are taken into account when making talismans or performing a ritual. For example, a Sun talisman will be necessarily made on the day and hour of the Sun.

You can also use this ancient knowledge when planning something important in your life. The main rule is quite simple: the planet that rules the day and the hour promotes those activities which are in tune with its principle and can impede those activities which are of the opposite nature.

Those who are seeking love will benefit from Venus Day and Venus Hour, the seekers of wisdom might choose to have the patronage of Jupiter on their side, or if you want to communicate your ideas most efficiently, why not select the hour of Mercury for your presentation? If you know the symbolic associations of the planets, you will be able to find the appropriate day and hour for all your important decisions and actions. Below are some of the interpretations of the planetary signs.

Interpretations for everyday life

Sun: Beneficial for those pursuits which are aimed at gaining influence in society, fame, high prestige, as also for gaining confidence and self-reliance. Good time for applying to superiors or any important people, for example to talk about career advancement. It is also an appropriate time to advertise, to make a presentation, to speak to a big audience.

Venus: Good time for any meetings and acquaintances, but especially for dating or asking someone out. It’s also a beneficial hour for amusements and entertainment and having a party, going to a cinema or theatre, to buy fashionable clothes or jewellery. Mutual sympathy between people is enhanced, which helps to find a compromise, to restore a broken relationship. Artists, painters, musicians can feel inspired in this hour.

Mercury: Beneficial time for any intellectual activity, including study, teaching, research, taking exams, and also everything connected to receiving transferring or using any kind of information. Mercury enhances dexterity and resourcefulness, patronizes traders, but also thieves. Good time to start a short trip, or to write a letter or report, to program, to chat, to send mail.

Moon: Beneficial time for cooking, having a meal, and also for washing, cleaning and other household chores. Good time for dealing with women, family meetings, nursing babies. Activities which were started in the Moon Hour will be prone to changes, dependent on moods and emotions of the people, so it is generally not advised to start anything of importance at this time.

Saturn: It is the time for those occupations and beginnings which require significant time, patience, concentration and perseverance, and also everything related to land and immovable property. It is not advised to start a journey at this time or to borrow money as in both cases delays and disappointments may spoil the matter. Good time to ask for advice from elders, to cool down passions, to have a sober glance on the state of the matters, or to get rid of a bad habit.

Jupiter: Beneficial hour for most affairs, especially those which promote richness, success and prosperity. Jupiter helps to accelerate development, widen the horizon, and increase the level of understanding. Good time for social meetings, applying for benefits, sponsorship, dealing with rich or influential people, for the start of a journey, philosophical discussions and religious ceremonies.

Mars: The time for increased activity, for those pursuits which require determination, courage, physical efforts, for sport, for work with fire or sharp instruments. Sexuality is enhanced, but also the probability of a conflict is higher than usual. It’s a good hour to attack enemies or to challenge competitors.

Moon Void of Course

When the moon is void of course it means it spends a varying amount of time (anything between a few minutes up to several hours) passing from one astrological sign to the next. During this time it is best not to do any magical work at all!

What not to do during this time

The void of course Moon periods are the most unfavourable time to do anything that require a specific desired outcome, with a very wide range of actions that include sending emails or faxes, applying for a job or contest, asking for favours, getting married or going out to a date with someone for the first time, starting a lawsuit or a business, announcing anything, buying important items such as a car, a property, etc.

The basic rule is: when you want something to happen, if you want to be successful, avoid the void of course Moon periods, at all costs.

However, if you wish something not to happen, then choose this moment. Example: suppose that you want to avoid a conflict with someone, but you have to visit him/her, go there during a void of course Moon period.

Researched & Written by:

Rainbird )O( 2011

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Why Spells Work; and some don't:

           Because of the very nature of Magic, each working or spell should be highly individualized and personal. Even if following a traditional spell, it should be tailored to your specific needs to be most effective for you. If you are working as a group there must be complete trust understanding and agreement in what you are about to do. Understanding the basics of Spell construction will enable you or your group to formulate your own specific, effective spells for any purpose you desire.

           Preliminary planning is necessary. The very first step is to decide precisely what your desired end result is to be. Before you can start, you must decide where you are going. You must be very explicit. Come to that you also need to ask yourself “is the spell really necessary”?

           It is important, also, that you choose your time carefully. You should take into consideration all Astrological implications, energy currents and Moon phases.

           As to the Moon; it is the astronomical body closest to us and, therefore, has a profound influence upon us, and it is very important to choose a time and phase when the Moon is most advantages or in an astrological sign which is appropriate for your working or spell. Then add to that Planetary Hours and days.

A Rough example:

 Aries: Action -- Enthusiasm,

Taurus: Renewal -- Sensuality,

Gemini: Communication -- Curiosity,

Cancer: Emotion -- Nurturing,

Leo: Vitality -- Determined,

Virgo: Organizing -- Studious,

Libra: Balance -- Cooperation,

Scorpio: Sexual -- Philosophical,

Capricorn: Authority -- Ambition,

Aquarius: Innovation -- Social,

Sagittarius: Optimistic -- freedom-loving -- Honesty

Pisces: Sensitivity -- Idealistic.

The following is a list that must be taken into account when designing a Spell.

1)            The appropriate Spell

2)            The experience of the practitioner

3)             Your own belief in the magic you are going to work

4)            The proper materials and supplies

5)             The proper Moon phase

6)              The proper Planetary Hour and Day

7)            The Magical Energy built up by the Practitioner

8)            The mental condition of the Practitioner

9)              The will of the Universe

 1.            The proper Spell:

            First is the spell you want to design appropriate for your need! Do you really need to cast it at all, can you not work towards your desired end using mundane ways! Are you following a spell designed by someone else? These are some of the questions you need to ask yourself.

           Some of the spells out there are pure rubbish and some are excellent. Some spells may work better for you than for others, so experiment and keep a journal of your workings so that you will know which ones work best for you and which ones don't. This last one is more essential when you are designing your own spells.

           You must also understand that if a spell didn’t work for you it doesn't mean to say that it’s definitely rubbish, you may not have been in the right state of mind, you may not have cast it at the right time or maybe you didn't have or use the proper or appropriate materials. All the component parts on this page come into play and should be taken into consideration when constructing your spell!

 2.            The experience of the Practitioner:

            The person casting the spell should have atleast some experience or have studied and practiced magic and the occult for more than a few weeks or even months. You can’t expect a spell to work just because it’s written down on a piece of paper and you read it out in a sombre voice. Many people, especially the younger ones or the inexperienced older people expect to do a spell the first time off, with no knowledge of how they work or even why. It’s a bit like expecting to pass your driving test without studying the Highway Code, you will fail.  Before even thinking of casting a spell I strongly advise you to study all aspects of the Occult and the way to do this is to read books, lots of different books, join a teaching group or even a study group, but practice, practice, practice. Those who don’t take it seriously will get nowhere. Remember the more you practice Magic and do certain Rituals the more you will build up your powers and therefore be more potent and more adept and powerful in your spells.

 3.            Your belief in the magic you are working:

            This is no small matter; you must believe in your magical workings or spells. It’s like a prayer in the Christian religion if you don’t believe; it won’t happen, and if you don't believe in your spell, how can you expect it to work. You must have faith, be patient and above all you must believe! Many people want to try a spell first to see if they work or not and then they make a decision whether to believe or not; it doesn’t work that way. If you do not believe in the Occult and Magic, then I suggest you stay away from it. Magic is not a game or something to just dabble in or play with, it’s not a chapter out of Harry Potter. Magic is a way of life.

 4.            The proper materials and supplies:

            These are so very important, for one must have all the proper ingredients for a spell to even stand a chance of it working. You may possibly need herbs, coloured candles, oils and of course the proper spell constructed and written down. The herbs, coloured candles and oils are specific ones that are associated with that type of spell you want to do. In other words they have a vibrational range that is related to what you are trying to accomplish with your spell. For instance if you are doing a love spell you would not want to use green candles... you would want to use red candles and if you were doing a money spell you would not want to use red candles... you would use green or maybe gold. As to oils and herbs there are many sites out there and many books that will tell you what corresponds to what. As for poppet’s if your spell requires one you can make you own out of wax or cloth. It doesn't have to look like the person because you are going to visualize it as being the person. You may need an Athamé to trace magical symbols in the air or a Boline or Roman type stylus to scribe symbols on candles etc. An Athamé and Boline can both be purchased online quite easily. A Roman type stylus can be bought, but it’s just as easy to make one from a large nail (6 inches or more is best) If you cannot find the supplies you need in your town I suggest you look online.

 5.            The Moon phase:

         The proper Moon phase appropriate for your spell is one of the keys to success in Spell casting. There are many Spells that rely on the night of the Full Moon for maximum effect and potency just as some farmers may plant their seedlings during the Full Moon as of old. The Moon affects everything and can affect our moods and actions; you’ve heard of the phrase lunacy no doubt.

There are four main phases of the Moon. The New Moon, Waxing Moon, Full Moon, Waning Moon

                     The time period for each phase is roughly 3 days before and 3 days after, a total of 7 days in all; I believe that the best time is over a period of 3 days, the day before; on the day and the day after. And unless you are extremely adept in the occult you should not attempt to use any magic during the period or phase known as ‘Void of Moon’’ or ‘Dark of the Moon’, which I shall say something about later. But this does give you plenty of time to do your spell casting.

                     Not everyone can plan on doing Magic on a particular day, so this period of seven days opens the window of opportunity for those of you who have a busy schedule, but having said that the day or more appropriate the night of the full moon is the most potent.

Here is a quick summery of the different phases, and what and where they are normally used for in Magic.

Waxing Crescent Moon - This phase is very similar to the Waning Moon in some ways and can be used to rid one’s self of things. But it is most often used to start things off, linking in to the waxing moon spells or rituals.

Spells: for New beginnings of any sort, beauty, health, personal improvement or new employment.

Waxing Gibbous Moon - This phase is for doing Spells that might increase your gain such as money, power or other material things. Again it can also be used to start things off, linking in to the new moon spell or ritual, or again new beginnings.

Spells: For courage, motivation, inspiration, friendship, elemental magic, healing or luck

Full Moon - This is the phase where I choose to do my most important spells. Magic is much more powerful during this phase. Most people consider the Full Moon to be the actual day that it is at its fullest and when marked on the calendar, but it should be stated that the night time is best; and if it happens to coincide with midnight so much the better. Most people fail to realise that the Moon has a similar waxing and waning influence over a seven day period although the actual day/night is when there is more power available. I prefer to work on the night of the Full Moon, at its fullest, and as close to the time of the full moon as I can, but again it depends on what type of spell I’m casting!

Spells: Artistic projects, love & romance, fertility, psychic abilities, or making decisions. Also healing, guidance, and completion spells.

Waning Gibbous Moon - This phase is normally for Spells that do away with things or make things go away i.e. banishing spells. Such as making an enemy go away or a bad spirit, slander, negativity and maybe even bad luck and many other things. Perhaps you want to get rid of a bad habit?

 Spells: Banishing bad habits, addictions, or ending relationships, banishing malevolent spirits etc.  

Waning Crescent Moon: This phase can be used to finish off any spells that were started in the waning gibbous period that require it; preferable before entering the dark of the moon period.

‘Dark of the Moon’: Another phase that’s not talked about too much is that of the ‘Dark of the Moon’. This is a period of time between the waning crescent and the waxing crescent. Also known as the "dead" Moon, this is the time when there is no solar reflection, leaving the lunar face in darkness. The dark lasts about three days before the new crescent appears. This is a period of rest when nothing should be undertaken magically.

“The purpose of the dark phase of any cycle is that of transition between the death of the old and the birth of the new. The dark time is a time of retreat, of healing, and of dreaming of the future.”

Moon ‘Void of Course’: Another phase that is not often spoken about and few people even know about, this is when the moon is ‘Void of Course’; it means it spends a varying amount of time (anything between a few minutes up to several hours) passing from one astrological sign to the next. During this time it is best not to do any magical work at all!

                     The void of course Moon periods are the most unfavourable time to do anything that requires a specific desired outcome, (regardless of whether its magical or mundane) within a very wide range of actions that include sending emails or faxes, applying for a job or taking part in a contest, asking for favours, getting married or going out on a date with someone for the first time, starting a lawsuit or a business, announcing anything, buying important items such as a car, a property, computer and any magical work you may want to do, etc, the list goes on.

                     The basic rule is: when you want something to happen, if you want to be successful, avoid the ‘void of course’ Moon period at all costs.

  Planetary Hours & Days:

           A part of your preparations should be to calculate the most auspicious planetary hour and day on which to perform you spell.

When you decide to cast a spell whether it is for invoking (drawing) something to you i.e. wealth, health, happiness or friendship etc; or sending (banishing) something from or away from you, i.e. bad (curses) wishes, bad luck, bad habit, ill health etc, a part of your preparations should be to calculate the most auspicious planetary hour and or day on which to perform you spell. The planets and their planetary hours can and will have a strong favourable affect on the outcome of your spell.

           If you adhere to the principal of “As above, so below” the planets and their planetary hours can and will have a strong favourable affect on the outcome of your spell. (See chart for planetary hours)Then take that hour into consideration when preparing your spell; so much the better if the planetary hour coincides with the full moon.

           A planetary hour takes into consideration the amount of hours of daylight and darkness and treats them as separate from each other. Each period of day (light) and each period of night (Dark) is calculated! Each Planetary day (light) starts at sunrise and ends at sunset, and each night (dark) starts at sunset and ends at sunrise the following day.

    Each period of day and night are divided into twelve ‘planetary hours’; each planetary hour contains more or less ‘minutes’ than the standard 60 minute hour? Again it is dependent on the time of the year and again with the exception of the two equinox’s days.

    Convert that time into minutes and divide by 12; i.e. sunrise at 6am – sunset at 16:00pm gives you 10 hours, converted into minutes 10 X 60 gives you 600 minutes; 600 / 12 gives you 50 minutes therefore on that day and that day only a planetary hour of daylight will consist of 50 minutes!

           Conversely the hours of darkness will be greater on this occasion i.e. sunset at 16:00pm – sunrise 6:01am gives you 14 hours and 1 minutes of darkness, converted into minutes 14 X 60 + 1 minutes gives you 841 minutes; 841 / 12 gives you just under 71 minutes to the planetary hour.

           So in the hours of daylight the first planetary hour (1) last from 06:00am to 06:50am: planetary hour (2) from 06:50am until 07:40am: planetary hour (3) from 07:40am until 08:30am and so on through to sunset.

           The planetary hours of darkness and are added up in the same way, i.e. the first planetary hour starts at 16:00Hrs and ends at 17:11am approximately and so forth!

There is a simpler way to calculate night time planetary Hours:

Another way is to use this simple rule: a Day Hour and a Night Hour summed up should always give/add up to 120 minutes. Thus the length of one Night Hour in our case is 70 minutes i.e. 120 – 50 = 70 mins.

6.            The Magical Energy built up by the Practitioner:

           Building up magical energy is another way to add potency to your Spells. A Sorcerer will use rituals like ‘Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram’, the ‘Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Hexagram’ and the ‘Middle Pillar Ritual’ to build energy into whatever they are doing. They serve to protect and build up your Aura and your Psychic and Magical powers. This covers all the ground when doing Spells and should make you glow with power!

           Witches will use chant, dance, drumming, visualisation, ritual and ritual symbolism to build power into the spells; they may even use one or more of the actions associated with the eightfold way or path, some have also been known to adapt the Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram and use their own pantheon of corresponding gods and goddesses in place of the Christian and Hebrew angelic forces.

           I know there are many different Rituals out there according to what you believe in so find the ones that suite your beliefs and don’t forget you can even design you own, and as long as they work that’s fine but get to work on them every day and you will see a difference in the quality of your life as well as the potency of your Magical spells.

 7.            The mental condition of the Practitioner:

           Your state of mind is of paramount importance, you must be in the right state of mind. You cannot and must not be angry and you definitely should not enter into any spell work if you are severely depressed. Your mind must be calm and in sync with the type of Spell you are doing. Plus you must believe in your work and not have doubts. If you utilise the power building mention in previous slide, you will probable attain the right level of psychic and psychological state or ASC (Altered State of Consciousness) with practise. But you cannot expect a spell to work if you don't have the underlying faith in it, but you just want to try them just to see if they really do work? Nothing will happen! The last word on this is try to calm your mind, meditate before trying to do any spell work or indeed any magical ritual, there are many ways in which meditation can achieve a calm mind and there are many books that will tell or teach you but not all may suit everyone, so look around and try to pick out the ones that seem to work for you; you’ll know when you find it.  

 8.            The will of the Universe:

           Many people ask how long will it take to work. That is up to the Universe, or as they say ‘It’s in the lap of the Gods’ as to when the spell will manifest. It could be a couple days or it could take weeks or a couple months. There have been many times I have seen spells that had no quick results and then some that happen before you could say abracadabra! Some manifest a couple of months or even six months later and you had almost forgotten about it. These are the ones that usually work the best. My advice is that once you have worked or cast your spell, try and forget about it, I know it’s a hard thing to do but if you are constantly thinking or talking about it, it can’t go off and do what you wanted it to do. It’s a bit like a stick or stone when you cast it you have got to let it go. So be patient and have faith in your workings.

 9.            Last Things:

           One of the last things to remember is that everything you use is a tool; it doesn’t contain magic in its own right. It has to be charged with magical energy and it has to be utilised in the right way; after all you don’t use a dinner fork to dig the garden? And another thing to remember is that if the universe is in accord with you and wants it to happen it won’t matter if you make a few slight or silly mistakes, conversely if the universe is dead set against what you are trying to do, it won’t matter if you do everything to perfection, it will not happen. In fact it may well rebound on you and cause lots of problems in your life!

           Don’t forget that whatever you give out returns to you threefold.

The Rule of Three: The Rule of Three has a possible prototype in a piece of Wiccan liturgy which first appeared in print in Gerald Gardner's 1949 novel High Magic's Aid:

 

"Thou hast obeyed the Law. But mark well, when thou receivest good, so equally art thou bound to return good threefold.”

 

“Mind the threefold law ye should, three times bad and three times good.” Gardner added: (For this is the joke in witchcraft, the witch knows, though the initiate does not, that she will get three times what she gave, so she does not strike hard.) alluding to the scourge.

Or:

"Ever mind the Rule of Three, three times what thou givest returns to thee, this lesson well, thou must learn, thee only gets what thou dost earn"

 

This is one of several versions of The Threefold Law. Most of the poetic ones are attributed to Doreen Valiente

 

Rainbird )O( 2013

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